La resiliencia y estrategias de afrontamiento en una muestra de consumidores y no consumidores de sustancias psicoactivas

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35622/j.rep.2023.03.005

Palabras clave:

consumo de sustancias, estrategias de afrontamiento, jóvenes, resiliencia

Resumen

Estudio de enfoque cuantitativo, de diseño no experimental de nivel correlacional, con un diseño transversal, se orientó a describir las estrategias de afrontamiento y resiliencia en dos grupos de jóvenes consumidores y no consumidores de sustancias psicoactivas. Se empleó el Inventario de estrategias de afrontamiento, diseñado por Tobin et al. (1989) y la Escala de resiliencia SV-RES de Saavedra y Villalta (2008). Los resultados sugieren que la combinación de estrategias de bajo apoyo social, aislamiento social, y altos niveles de expresión emocional al parecer puede estar asociada con el consumo de sustancias como una posible vía de escape para el manejo de situaciones estresantes. En cuanto a resiliencia, los resultados concuerdan con otros estudios que muestran niveles más bajos de resiliencia en la población de consumidores de sustancias psicoactivas. Finalmente, esta investigación permite concluir que la resiliencia y adecuadas estrategias de afrontamiento son factores protectores que deben potencializarse en la población infantil y adolescente a fin de prevenir la conducta de consumo de sustancias como vía de escape a los problemas.

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Publicado

07/27/2023

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La resiliencia y estrategias de afrontamiento en una muestra de consumidores y no consumidores de sustancias psicoactivas. (2023). Revista Estudios Psicológicos, 3(3), 60-73. https://doi.org/10.35622/j.rep.2023.03.005

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